Rajma Farming Complete Details For Higher Profits 

Rajma is a plant-based food item rich in nutrients, and it comes under the pulses category. In India, Rajma farming is mostly done in the hilly areas of the Himalayan region as well as in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu.

Nutritional Benefits Of Kidney Beans

Anti-oxidants, fibre, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and many other nutrients are found in kidney beans. Apart from this, it contains soluble fibre, which can help in reducing the number of carbohydrates in the body. Eating rajma has many benefits, and its consumption helps reduce weight. Moreover, it prevents heart-related diseases, and bones are strengthened by Kidney beans.

Rajma Farming Requirements For Healthy Yield

This blog post will describe the complete process of Rajma farming. It includes planting, caring and harvesting of Rajma plants for a profitable yield. 

Suitable Climate And Soil For Rajma Farming

Rajma farming is carried out in India in both Rabi and Kharif seasons with the help of a Kubota tractor for efficiency. Therefore, a temperature ranging from 15 degrees Celsius to 25 degrees Celsius is considered appropriate for its sowing.

Light loamy, dry loamy soil is considered good for Rajma farming. Apart from this, the management of irrigation in the field should be proper. For its better crop, the suitable soil pH value is considered to be 5.5.

Sowing Season For Rajma Farming

Rajma farming in India is carried out at different times according to the state. In UP and Bihar, it is sown in the first and second fortnight of November. In Maharashtra, its Rajma can be sown in the middle of October. Moreover, in Haryana and Punjab, it can be sown in the first week of October. For the Kharif season, it is recommended to sow it from mid-May to mid-June. On the other hand, for the spring season cultivation, it is better to sow it in the first seven days of February and March.

Field Preparation In Rajma Farming 

Prepare the field well before the sowing process in Rajma farming. For this, plough the field well with a Mahindra tractor and a soil-turning plough. After this, 2 to 3 ploughing should be done with a plough or cultivator. Keep in mind that there should be sufficient moisture in the land at the time of sowing.

Seed Quantity For Rajma Farming 

For sowing in Rajma farming, you need about 120 to 140 kg of seed in one hectare. Therefore, it is important to keep in mind that to get more production of Rajma, there should be 2.5 to 3.5 lakh plants per hectare.

Method Of Sowing For Rajma Farming 

It should be sown in rows, and the distance between each row should be kept at 30 to 40 cm. At the same time, the distance between each plant should be kept at 10 cm. It is advisable to sow its seeds at a depth of 5 to 6 cm, and you can use a New Holland tractor for this process in Rajma farming. Note that the seed of Rajma is a bit hard, so it takes time to grow or germinate. As a result, it takes 20 to 25 days for the Rajma seedling to come out of the soil.

Irrigation Management In Rajma Farming 

Rajma farming requires 2 or 3 irrigations. Moreover, the initial irrigation should be done after 4 weeks of sowing and then perform weeding afterward. Then, it should be irrigated at an interval of one month. At the time of weeding, some soil should be offered on the plant so that the plant can get support when the pods are set. During irrigation, keep in mind that there should be no stagnation of water in the field.

Weed Control In Rajma

In order to remove weeds, i.e. unnecessary plants growing around Rajma, 1 to 2 weeding should be done in its crop. Apart from this, pendimethalin 3.3 litres per hectare dissolved in 800 to 900 litres of water should be sprayed for its prevention.

Rajma Harvesting And Threshing

The Rajma crop gets ready after ripening in about 120 to 130 days. After this, dry the crop in the sun to remove its moisture for 3 to 4 days. When the moisture in its seeds becomes 9 to 10 percent, then the grains should be separated from the straw. Keep in mind that due to excessive drying, the grains may fall from the pods, and the seeds may start disintegrating.

Yield And Profit In Rajma Farming

Now let’s talk about its yield; if you keep in mind the things mentioned above, then farmer brothers can definitely increase the yield. By using agricultural techniques, its production can generally be obtained from 25 to 30 quintals per hectare.

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