Diabetes and Erectile Dysfunction: The Shocking Link You Need to Know!

Diabetes and Erectile Dysfunction: The Shocking Link You Need to Know!

Erectile dysfunction, often known as impotence, is the inability to obtain and sustain an erection long enough to engage in sexual activity.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) can be caused by a variety of factors, including physical, psychological, or both. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of ED.

According to studies, 35-75 percent of diabetic males will have ED. They will also develop ED 10-15 years earlier than males who do not have diabetes.

Erectile Dysfunction and Diabetes

Diabetes can cause ED by affecting the blood flow to the penis as well as the nerves that control an erection.

A molecule called nitric oxide is released into a man’s bloodstream when he feels sexually aroused. Nitric oxide causes the penis’s arteries and muscles to relax, allowing more blood to flow into the penis. This causes the man to have an erection.

Men with diabetes have blood sugar swings, especially if their condition is not carefully managed.

When their blood sugar levels rise too high, they create less nitric oxide. This could indicate that there isn’t enough blood circulating into the penis to achieve or maintain an erection. Diabetes patients frequently have low nitric oxide levels.

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Other factors that contribute to erectile dysfunction

Some more causes of ED are as follows:

  • Obesity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol are all symptoms of hormonal issues such as low testosterone, as well as psychological issues such as stress, anxiety, and depression.
  • Smoking, excessive alcohol use, and the use of some illegal narcotics can all cause nervous system disorders, including spinal cord or brain injury.
  • some medications, including those used to treat high blood pressure and depression
  • Pelvic trauma or surgery on the prostate, colon, or bladder may cause nerve damage to the penis. This nerve injury may potentially result in ED.

Diagnostic tests and procedures

  • To diagnose ED, a doctor will frequently do some of the following tests:
  • Blood tests to look for high blood sugar levels, which could indicate diabetes.
  • Hormone testing to determine testosterone and other hormone levels.
  • Blood pressure and sweat tests, for example, can rule out nerve damage to the heart, blood vessels, and sweat glands.
  • Urinalysis to detect sugar in the urine, which could indicate diabetes.
  • Physical exam to evaluate genitals and nerve reflexes in the legs and penis.
  • Patient history might assist determine why someone is having erection problems and under what conditions.
  • A sexual health (SHIM) questionnaire can be used to assist determine the existence and severity of ED.
  • A medication is injected into the penis to ensure that the blood supply to the penis is normal.

Lifestyle Suggestions

  • Diabetes-related erectile dysfunction is now much better understood. Diabetes control can minimize the risk of ED.
  • Other preventive measures, such as quitting smoking and limiting alcohol consumption, will help reduce the risk of developing ED.
  • Other potentially beneficial lifestyle changes include:

Eating a Nutritious Diet and Exercising: Studies show that men who modified their diet to one low in saturated fat and high in fiber and engaged in moderate physical activity each week were able to improve their ED without the need for prescription medicines.

Weight Loss: Some studies on weight loss According to a reliable source, even a minor weight loss can improve erectile function and sexual desire in diabetic men. Weight loss resulted in improved testosterone levels and blood flow, which resulted in greater erections.

Reducing Stress: ED can induce stress and strain in a relationship. Counseling can be beneficial even if the cause of sexual dysfunction is physical. People Suffering from ED should make an effort to relax and sleep well every night.

A recent study Supplementing with the amino acids l-arginine and l-citrulline may also aid to improve erectile function, according to Trusted Source. These acids have been shown to boost nitric oxide production in the body, which can increase blood flow to the penis. As previously noted, men with diabetes frequently have low amounts of nitric oxide.


Treatment for ED will vary depending on the cause, but there are several viable solutions. These are the same for men with diabetes as they are for men with ED from other causes.

Any Prescription Medications that may contribute to ED can be switched by doctors.

Oral pills are the most common use therapy. These have been shown to be effective in restoring sexual function in many diabetic men. PDE-5 inhibitors are medicines that are used to treat ED.

The four most commonly prescribed medications are:

  • Sildenafil citrate (Viagra)
  • Levitra (vardenafil)
  • Vidalista 20 (Cialis) (tadalafil)
  • avanafil citrate (Spedra)

These Medications work by boosting blood flow to the penis. To be successful, they require sexual stimulation. They should be taken 30-60 minutes prior to sexual activity.

There are various types of ED treatment. These are some examples:

  • Testosterone replacement therapy is advised for men with ED who have low testosterone levels.
  • Penile injectable therapy: For men who do not react to oral medication therapy, an injection of alprostadil straight into the penis before intercourse has been approved. This hormone injection stimulates blood flow to the penis, causing an erection.
  • Vacuum pump therapy involves placing a plastic tube connected to a pump over the penis. The pump forces the air out of the tube, causing blood to flow into the penis. To keep the erection during intercourse, a ring is an insert on the base of the penis.

Because it requires major surgery, penile prosthesis is only considered after all other treatment options have been exhausted. An inflatable rod is placed to raise the penis for intercourse.

Counseling may be beneficial if the patient’s erectile dysfunction is caused by a psychological illness such as anxiety or depression.

A well-balanced diet, exercise, and stress management have all been demonstrated to be beneficial in the treatment of diabetes.


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